One of the most important methods in training is the method of “Role Model” or “Pattern” because the effect of model or pattern is much more than other methods in character and behavior formation of the trainee. Islam has also paid a lot attention to this method and the Holy Quran has dedicated some of the verses to introduction of such believing and unitary men and women who have shown their competence and personality in different conditions and have proven their inclination and tendency toward the right path.
To achieve this, the compiler is going to introduce some people in the fourth note entitled “Ali Ibn Ja’far: The Model of Humility and Submission to the Innocent Infallibles (A.S)” so that it can open a gate to perfection and salvation for the intellectuals.
Ali Ibn Ja’far
The Model of Humility and Submission to the Innocent Infallibles (A.S)
Personal and Family Background:
Ali ibne Ja’far, one of the Ulama of the 2nd Century A.H., was a son of Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (pbuh).
Ali Ibne Ja’far lost his father when he was very young, and was brought up by his venerable brother, Imam Musa Al-Kazem (pbuh).
Imam Musa Al-Kazem (pbuh)taught him the pure and genuine Islamic teachings as prescribed by the Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh).
Ali ibne Ja’far and his offspring lived in Medina in a locality called “Uraidh”; therefore, he is known as Ali ibne Ja'far "Uraidhy". His descendents, who trace their lineage to Imam Ja’far Al-Sadeq (pbuh), are known as “Sādāt Uraidhy”.
Ali ibn Ja’far was a loyal companion of four successive infallible Imams, namely Imam Musa Al-Kazem (pbuh), Imam Al-Reza (pbuh), Imam Al-Jawād (pbuh), and Imam Al-Hadi (pbuh). He was constantly at the service of his venerable brother, Imam Mussa Al-Kazem (pbuh)even during his many travels. This close association with the Imam enhanced his assimilation of several Islamic Sciences. He was a 'confidant' of Imam Al-Kazem (pbuh)and acted as a custodian of the Imam’s possessions.
At the age of Imamate of Imam Reza (pbuh), Ali ibne Ja'far gave full moral support to Imam Reza (pbuh), especially during the struggle against a deviant sect called "Waqifiyyah”.
Ali Ibne Ja'far had become a venerable old man by the time Imam Al-Jawād (pbuh)succeeded Imam Reza (pbuh); however, he did not hesitate to humbly welcome the Holy Imam who was at the age of childhood then. Even he placed the sandals for the Imam to wear. This act of humility he explained by referring to the high esteem he had for the standing of 'Imamate' and personal excellence of the Holy Imams.
Jihad & Struggles:
That he exerted all his strength in the way of Allah is evident also from the fact that in the year 203 A.H. he, together with his brother, Muhammad ibn Ja’far, joined in the resistance struggle by “Talebin” against an Abbasid ruler, Harun ibne Mussayyeb.
Ali ibn Ja’far had four sons: Muhammad, Ahmed, Hassan and Ja’far. These are the forefathers of a group of descendants of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), known as "Sādāt Uraidhy".
Opinions of Ulama:
Sheikh Mofeed says: “Ali ibn Ja’far was a narrator of Hadiths, which were well-substantiated and trustworthy. He was pious and had an excellent character. He was a constant companion of his brother, Imam Musa Kazem (pbuh), from whom he acquired lots of valuable sayings”.
Sheikh Tussi says: “His personality was indeed venerable and trustworthy. Allamah Helli, too, testifies to his trustworthiness. Also 'Keshie', the famous Islamic scholar, quotes a narration about Ali ibne Ja'far, which depicts his sound and firm belief as well as his courteous and exemplary behavior when he visited Imam Al-Jawād (while the Holy Imam was at the age of childhood)".
Sources of His Narratives:
His primary sources were Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (pbuh), Imam Musa Al-Kazem (pbuh), and Imam Reza (pbuh)with whom he had close relationship. Among his other sources were: Hussain ibn Zaid Shahid, Sufyan ibne Aineh, Muhammad ibne Muslim, Abdul Malik ibn Qaddameh, Mu'tab, and Abu Sa’eed Makki.
Among his pupils were: Ahmed ibne Muhammad ibne Abi Nasr Baznati, Yunos ibne Abdul-Rahman, Ali ibne Asbat, Abdul-Azeem ibne Abdullah Al-Hassani, Ayyub ibne Nooh, …
From among his writings only one entitled “Massā’el Ali ibn Ja’far” [i.e. Queries of Ali ibne Ja'far] has reached us.
This valuable book contains his questions on Islamic issues and injunctions, and the relevant answers given by Imam Musa Al-Kazem (pbuh).
As said earlier, Ali ibn Ja’far was contemporary with four infallible Imams.
Imam Hadi (pbuh), whose Imamate period started in the year 220 A.H., was the last Imam with whom Ali ibne Ja'far was contemporary.
Since Ali ibne Ja'far was a child when Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (pbuh)passed away in the year 148 A.H., he might have been nearly 80 when he died.
His mausoleum in the Iranian city of Qom continues to be visited by pilgrims and followers of the Holy Prophet and his Infallible Household, the Ahl-ul-Bayt (pbuh).
Ali ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, better known simply as Ali al-Uraidhi, was the son of Ja'far al-Sadiq and the brother of Isma'il, Musa al-Kadhim, Abdullah al-Aftah, and Muhammad Al-Dibaj. He was known by the title al-Uraidhi, because he lived in an area called Uraidh, about 4 miles (or 6.4 km) from Medina. He was also known by the nickname Abu Hasan (i.e. father of Hasan). He was a great Muslim scholar.
Ali ibn Ja'far was born and raised in Medina. He was the youngest son of Ja'far al-Sadiq. After his father died whilst he was still a child, he left Medina for the town of Al-Uraidh, where he settled and became the sheikh of all Banu Hashim and the Naqib (prefect) of the descendants of Muhammad.
He was a diligent worshipper, generous and a great scholar.
He lived approximately 100 years, until the time of his brother Musa al-Kadhim’s great-grandson Ali al-Hadi (828-868) and died in Al-Uraidh and was buried there.
The children and descendants of Ali al-Uraidhi became known as al-Uraidhiyun. They inhabited many areas, including Al-Uraidh, Kufa and Qom. His sons were:
· Abdullah- whose descendants resided in Medina, Egypt, Iraq and other countries.
· Ahmad ash-Sya'rani
· Ja'far al-Ashgar
· Muhammad al-Naqib- who was born in Medina. After his father died, he left for Basra, where he became the Naqib (prefect) of the Ahl al-Bayt. He was a man of great learning who preferred isolation and was known for his zuhd(abstinence).
· Isa al-Rumi- He was a great 'alim (learned scholar) and 'arif (spiritual master). He was the Naqib of the Ahl al-Bayt in Basra.
· Ahmad al-Muhajir (873-956/260-345H)- who was born in Basra. Al-Tabari, the famous 'alim and historian, held him in great esteem and gave him immense respect. He held the company of Bishr al Hafi, among others. After performing Hajj in 318 A.H. he migrated to Hadramaut in the same year and settled their. From Hadramaut he called people to God. He was given the title Al-Muhajjir (the Emigrant) primarily because he had travelled the path to God and secondarily because he had emigrated from Iraq to Hadramaut. From Hadramaut his descendants became the illustrious Alawi sadat, and most Sayyid’s and Habib’s residing in Indonesia and Southeast Asia are descended from him.
· Alawi- who became a great Imam. It is from his name from whom the name of the tribe Bani Alawi is derived. Therefore, the Bani Alawi is the Ashraaf sadat (noble descendants) of Muhammad. Furthermore, many families in Hadhramaut, India, the Hejaz, Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar and the rest of the world are descendants of Imam Alawi ibn Ubaidullah.
· Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (1447–1508)- the Mansab (religious leader) of Aden, Yemen.
Nine Saints ( Wali Songo )are not from Al - Aidrus family
· Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim (d.1419 C.E.)- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Sunan Ampel- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Sunan Bonang- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Sunan Drajat- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Sunan Kudus- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Another daughter
· Trenggana- who succeeded his father as leader of the Sultanate of Demak.
· Sunan Giri- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Sunan Murya- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
· Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi- the President of Comoros since 26 May 2006.
Ali al-Uraidhi was a man of great knowledge. He was a transmitter of Hadith, and was quoted in a large number of books written by the famous 'ulama of his and subsequent ages.
He gained knowledge from:
· Ja'far al-Sadiq- his father.
· Musa al-Kadhim- his brother.
· Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Ali- his uncle.
Many people transmitted the Hadith’s of Ali al-Uraidhi, including:
· Ahmad and Muhammad- his two sons.
· Abdullah ibn Hasan- his grandson.
· Ismail ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq- his brother Ishaq’s grandson.
· Imam al-Buzzi/al-Bazzi.
Opinions of Muslim scholars
· Al-Dhahabi, the Shafi'i Muhaddith and historian, in his book Al-Miizaan said, "Ali bin Ja'far al-Sadiq narrated hadith from his father, also from his brother (i.e. Musa al-Kadhim), and also from Sufyan al-Thawri. Al-Tirmidhi also narrated the hadith from him in his book. "
· Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, another Shafi'i Hadith scholar, in his book At-Taqrib said, "Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Husayn was one of the great figures..."
· Ahmad ibn Hanbal narrated from Ali al-Uraidhi in his Musnad (Hadith collection).